1901 - 1988
"The Army has had two great trainers, Von Steuben and Clarke."
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Bruce Cooper Clarke, who was born on a farm in Adams on April 29, 1901, the son of Matthew John and Isola Veneta (Stevens) Clarke, was a high school "drop-out". He quit Adams High School in 1917 to enlist as a private in the regular army during World War I.
But this high school "drop-out," ever mindful of the need for education, went back to high school after World War I ended, to continue his studies. He graduated from Masten Park High School, Buffalo, and went on to distinguish himself not only on the battlefield but also in the field of education.
His many friends and former fellow students at Adams High School have followed his brilliant career up through the ranks to West Point Military Academy and on to become one of the nation's great military leaders.
General Clarke may have been a high school "drop-out" but this event only served as a stepping-stone for a life-long career of learning. He not only became a soldier's teacher, but through understanding and experience a "soldier's soldier."
This high school "drop-out" for one and a half years was in charge of the United States Armor School. He started and headed the Non-Commissioned Officers Academy system among U.S. occupation forces in Germany. This system later spread to the entire Army.
As Commander General of Continental Army Command in 1958-1960, General Clarke was head of the entire Army school system which encompassed 250.000 students.
It is little wonder, then, that his friends and those who have followed his very distinguished career, have named the new Adams Center - Adams Central High School (now South Jefferson Central Senior High) building for him.
General Clarke also served as Assistant Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the University of Tennessee. He holds honorary degrees from Baylor University, Parsons College and the University of Heidelberg, Germany, made him an Honorary Senator.
A high school "drop-out", he was graduated from West Point with a B.S. degree; Cornell University with a degree in civil engineering; graduate of LaSalle Extension University with a L.L.B. degree; graduate of the U.S. Army Engineer school; graduate of the Armor school; and a graduate of Chemical Warfare school. General Clarke is an equivalent graduate of the National War college. Presently he is serving as Vice-Chairman of Freedoms Foundation, Valley Forge, PA.
General Clarke not only set the pace for his generation, but also has provided an inspiration to every boy and girl, including the "drop-outs" of this and future generations.
Enlisting in the Regular Army at the age of 17, he served during a part of Word War I as a private in the Coast Artillery Corps. On 5 January 1920, he joined the New York National Guard, from which he was appointed to the U. S. Military Academy at West Point. At graduation on 12 June 1925, he was granted a degree of Bachelor of Science and commissioned a second lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers. On graduation day, he married Miss Bessie Jean Mitchell of Buffalo.
Lieutenant Clarke's first assignment was to the 29th Engineer Battalion (Topographic) at Fort Humphrey's, Virginia (later named Fort Bevoir). In 1927 he entered Cornell University and was graduated with the degree of Civil Engineer. Following the completion of his graduate schooling, he attended the Company Officers Course at United States Army Engineer School at Fort Humphreys.
In 1930, Lieutenant Clarke was reassigned to Hawaii. He served there in the 3rd Engineers until 1932 when he returned to the mainland and was stationed with the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) unit of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
In Addition to his military and faculty duties, he completed his studies in 1936 for Bachelor of Laws for LaSalle Extension University.
Captain Clarke was reassigned to the Office of the U. S. Army District Engineer in Galveston, Texas, as Chief of the Engineering Division in 1936. In 1939 he attended the United States Army Command and General Staff school at Fort Levenworth, Kan. Upon his graduation in 1940, he was assigned to Fort Know, KY, where he organized and commanded the first U. S. armored engineer organization.
With the organization of the 1st Armored Division, Captain Clarke was charged with organizing and commanding the 16th Engineer Battalion, the 1st Armored Division's Engineers.
SENT TO ENGLAND
In December, 1940, he was sent to England as military observer. Upon his return in the United States, Major Clarke was assigned to organize and command the 24th Engineer Battalion of the 4th Armored Division which was being activated at Pine Camp, New York.
On 24 December 1941, he was promoted to the grade of lieutenant colonel. Three weeks later, he became the Chief of Staff of the 4th Armored Division and was promoted to the grade of colonel on 1 February 1942. He served in this capacity until 1 November 1943, when he assumed command of Combat Command A of the Division.
In December 1943, Colonel Clarke's combat command arrived in England. He commanded Combat Command A through the flight in Normandy and other regions of France.
Colonel Clarke was reassigned to the 7th Armored Division to command Combat Command B in early November 1944. A few days later, he was promoted to the grad of Brigadier General.
On June 20, he was reassigned to the 4th Armored Division as Division Commander. General Clarke was then sent to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater of Operations.
After the surrender of Japan, General Clarke was reassigned to Headquarters, Army Ground Forces, in Washington, D.C., as the Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans. In a few months he became the G3 of Army Ground Forces.
In early February 1948, General Clarke was reassigned to Fort Knox, KY, as the Assistant Commandant of the United States Army Armored School. At the end of the school year in 1949, General Clarke was sent to Germany where he commanded the 2nd Brigade of the United States Constabulary.
Early in 1951 he returned to the United States and organized and commanded the reactivated 1st Armored Division. Later in the year he was promoted to the grade of Major General.
SENT TO KOREA
In April 1953, General Clarke was sent to Korea to command I Corps, and on 23 June, he was promoted to Lieutenant General. In the fall, he became the commander general of X Corps to phase it out. He trained the 1st Republic of Korea Army.
He was designated to Commanding General, United States Army, Pacific (USARPAC), Fort Shafter, Hawaii, in the latter part of 1954. He occupied this position until he was reassigned to Europe in 1956, to command the Seventh Army at Stuttgart, Germany. While he was the Pacific Army Commander he represented the President at the annual Coral Sea celebration in Australia.
In mid-1958, he was reassigned to command the United States Continental Army Command (USCONARC) at Fort Monroe, VA, and was promoted to the rank of General.
On 20 October 1960, he became the Commander in Chief, Untied States Army, Europe, and concurrently, the Commander of Central Army Group, a key NATO command.
In 1961, General Clarke was honored by Baylor University at Waco, TX, with the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. On 7 April 1962, the University of Heidelberg, Germany, conferred on General Clarke a unique honor - - - Honorary Senator of the University of Heidelberg.
In June 1963, Parsons College awarded him the honorary degree of Doctor of International Law.
General Clarke was made 33rd degree Mason by the Scottish Rites.
The legislature of the State of New York, on 26 March 1962, passed a resolution honoring General Clarke on his service to our country over a span of about 44 years. The legislature noted that he is the only private of the National Guard of New York who had risen to the Four Star rank in the
U. S. Army.
On 14 April 1962, the Boy Scouts of America awarded General Clarke the Silver Buffalo, the highest award in Scouting.<>General Clarke concluded his active service on 30 April 1962, and on 1 May was entered on the list of retired officers in the rank of General.
General and Mrs. Clarke have three sons, an adopted daughter and eleven grand-children. Bruce Cooper Clarke, Jr., the eldest son is a lieutenant, United States Navy Reserve. David Arthur Clarke, the second son, is a 1958 graduate of the United States Military Academy, a major in the Corps of Engineers. Their third son, Captain Gordon Mitchell Clarke, graduated from the United States Air Force Academy in 1961. Presently, Captain Clarke is also in the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army.
Their daughter, Elisabeth Jean Clarke, was taken into the Clarke family in 1951 when General Clarke was commanding the 2nd Constabulary Brigade in Germany. She is a graduate of Weshampton College of the University of Richmond, VA, and married to Captain Arthur Ludlow Clark, II, United States Marine Corps.
An Army wife for nearly 37 years, Mrs. Clarke has been active in community and cultural affairs in addition to her busy home life. Before her marriage, she had attended Buffalo State Teachers College. A student of piano, she taught piano for several years.
In summary, perhaps the salient feature of General Clarke's career has been his varied experience in command. In over 17 years as a General officer, General Clarke has served in 14 command assignments. During his service, General Clarke has spent much time in direct contact with troop units and possibly commanded more soldiers of different nations as the field commander than any other U. S. Army Officer.
Campaigns in which General Clarke took part included: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Third Korean Winter, Korea Summer-Fall 1953.
DECORATIONS AND AWARDS
Decorations - United States: Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal with 2 oak-leaf clusters, Silver Star with 2 oak-leaf clusters, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star with 2 oak-leaf clusters with "V" clasp, Air-Medical, Army Commendation Medal.
Decorations - Foreign Government: Legion of Honor, France (Comdr.); Croix de Guerre with Palm, France; Croix de Guerre with Palm, Belgium; Distinguished Service Medal with 2 Silver Stars, Korea; Meritorious Medal, Columbia; Honorary Companion of the Bath, Great Britain; Grand Cross, Order of Merit, Federal Republic of Germany; Grand Officer, Order of the Crown, Belgium, Order of Service Merit, 1st Class, Republic of Korea.
Award - State of New York: Conspicuous Service Cross. Conspicuous Service Medal, Special Resolution of the Legislature of the State of New York, honoring service to the U. S.
Awards - Honorary; Silver Beaver Award, Boy Scouts of America; Silver Buffalo Award, Boy Scouts of America, Tau Beta Pi (Engineering Fraternity).
Miscellaneous - Silver Anvil Award, American Public Relations Association; Minuteman Award, Reserve Officers Association; Minuteman Award, U. S. Treasury Department, Henry Know Award for Patriotism.
Membership in Organizations - Boy Scouts of America: (Transatlantic Council, Past President Member, National Executive Council); Rotary: Adams, NY, honorary member: Masonic Orders: Dallas, TX, Consistory 33rd Degree; West Point Lodge No. 877 (F- AM); Kena Temple, Shrine. American Legion: Adams, NY Post, Military Order of the World Wars. Past President, United States Armor Association and Vice-Chairman of Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge.
He has been listed in Who's Who in America for 22 years.
High School building in Adams, NY named for General Clarke in 1965.
The decorations and awards are * on display in the General Bruce C. Clarke room. There are seven flags with standards: his American flag, his Four Star General's flag, the Korean flag, U. S. Army Europe colors, IX and X Corps and 7th Army colors.
Taken the day of the dedication in the Bruce C. Clarke Room 1965
PICTURES FROM THE FORMER GENERAL BRUCE C. CLARKE ROOM
AT SOUTH JEFFERSON CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL, ADAMS, NY
A special thanks to Sue Herse and Nathan Parish for supplying the images seen on this page.
General Bruce C. Clarke Links and Interviews
The Bruce C. Clarke Library
Arlington National Cemetery - Bruce Cooper Clarke
Battle of the Bulge
Bay of Pigs
Dwight D. Eisenhower
General Bruce C. Clarke Junior | Senior High School, Adams, NY (South Jefferson Central School)
General Ulysses S. Grant
President John F. Kennedy in Berlin
General Douglas McArthur - Dismissal
President Richard Nixon
General George C. Patton
Military Review - Leadership, Commandership, Planning, and SuccessNew York Times Archives - Gen. Bruce C. Clarke Dies at 86; Ex-Army Commander in Europe
Oral History Interview with Bruce C. Clarke
Oral History Interview - Topics Discussed
Harry S. Truman
U.S. Army Sergeants Major Academy: The FoundingWest Point Cadet
ADAMS, NY HISTORY AND GENEALOGY
TABLE OF CONTENTS
THE ADAMS, NY HISTORY AND GENEALOGY WEB SITE © 2000 - 2008 by Nancy Kendrick
1849 MARRIAGE RECORDS
1884 DOWNTOWN ADAMS FIRE
ADAMS, NY HISTORY
ADAMS, NY PHOTO SLIDESHOW
ADAMS, NY ARCHIVAL IMAGES
From the New York State
TUG HILL COMMISSION
BRUCE C. CLARKE
CHAPTER OF THE DAUGHTERS
OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
NATIONAL CHAPTER NO. 438
DR. LOIS GANNETT
AND HISTORY LINKS
To New York State Resources,
Jefferson County Histories,
10th Mountain Division,
and much more.
HISTORIC FACTS OF
OF SOUTH JEFFERSON, NY
BY ADAMS, NY RESIDENTS
HISTORY OF HOMES
AND LAND IN ADAMS, NY
HISTORY OF ADAMS AND
JEFFERSON COUNTY, NY
TOWN AND VILLAGE NAMING ORIGINS
JEFFERSON COUNTY JOURNAL
Tuesday, March 10, 1896
Tuesday, March 31, 1896
June 16, 1896
Wednesday, April 18, 1945
Wednesday, March 15, 2000
Adams, NY Celebrates 200 Years!
Permission to reproduce
these archival papers granted
by The Jefferson County Journal
THE OLD HOMESTEAD
BY HENRY LYMAN
NORTH ADAMS CHURCH
births, deaths, baptisms,
PATRICK - THOMPSON
Patrick Road, Adams, NY
This cemetery sits on the town line
for Adams and Rodman. The majority
of the cemetery is in the town of Adams.
AND ONEIDA COUNTIES
RECORDS: LAND & DEEDS REMINISCENSES OF ADAMS, NY RING FAMILY RING' STORE HISTORY;
INCLUDING COOPER AND
VITAL RECORDS INFORMATION
FOR THE UNITED STATES
ADAMS, NEW YORK SETTLED IN 1800
F. W. WOOLWORTH
OF RODMAN, NY
EVOLUTION OF THE DEPARTMENT STORE
Woolworth's, Watertown, NY,
Belk, Bloomingdale, Gimbel's, Harrod's,
Hudson, Macy's, Marshall Field, Wanamaker, Montgomery Ward
KING OF THE FIVE-AND-DIME
FRANK WINFIELD WOOLWORTH, 1852-1919
Concern for Woolworth Building Future
WOOLWORTH CLOSES ALL STORES
WOOLWORTH CLOSES VARIETY STORE ERA
WOOLWORTH VIRTUAL MUSEUM
1923 ADAMS HIGH SCHOOL
1924 ADAMS HIGH SCHOOL
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